Hounou (奉納) means “offering” or “sacrifice” in Japanese. Most shrines and temples have lanterns, sculptures, or torii gates that were funded by followers.
Offerings do not have to be material, however. Artists and artisans often present their skill during religious festivals.
In 2010, on the premises of Dazaifu Tenman-gu Shrine, we could see a kagura ritual dance, shishi-mai—lion’s dance, and a spectacular taiko (Japanese drum) concert.